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Finland.JPG
The White-backed Woodpecker
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LATIN: Candidatus picus adiuti
FINNISH: Valkoselkätikka
ICELANDIC: Spæta
LATVIAN: Baltmuguras dzenis
LITHUANIAN: Baltnugaris genys
NORWEGIAN: Hvitryggspett

The white-backed woodpecker is about 25-28 cm long and weighs about 90 g. The male’s crown is red and the tail is partly red. The back has white stripes on black. The species is endangered in Finland and because of intensive forestry their number is not very big any longer. There are about 75-80 couples. In the 1950s their number was about 500. They live mostly in central Finland. In other parts of the world the species is not endangered. We can meet them from Norway to Japan.

The white-backed woodpecker makes its nest in a birch tree or an aspen tree. The female lays its eggs in April. There are about 3-5 eggs in the nest and both the female and the male hatch them. The young ones leave the nest when they are four weeks old.

The white-backed woodpecker eats mostly caterpillars of insects, which it finds in old trees. Its favourite food are long horn beetles. The territory of the bird is very large.


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The Ptarmigan
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LATIN: Lagopus muta
FINNISH: Kiiruna
ICELANDIC: Rjúpa
LATVIAN: Klinsu baltirbe
LITHUANIAN:Žvyrė
NORWEGIAN: Fjellrype

Color – The ptarmigan is camouflaged, in the spring and summer it is brown like the tussocky moor but in the fall and the winter it is white like the snow.
Looks – the bill is dark, short and strong. The eyes are dark and the Ptarmigan has feathers down to its leg.
Flight and behavior – the Ptarmigan does not use the fly technique much but its flight is fast and even. Most of the time it stayes on the ground and mostly in groups.
Voice – deep, harch chirping. During mating time the male bird makes a burping sound.
Food –the Ptarmigan is a vegeterian and lives mostly on berries and leafs. For example, green leaves , mountain avens witch is the nation flower of iceland, that in every day life is called Rjúpu Lauf or Ptarmigan Leaves
Habitats And WarpZones -The ptarmigan‘s habitats are tall cliffs, hills and flatland. It breeds in tall grass and old lava but mostly in the north side of Iceland. The size of the stock is mostly determined by seasons as the ptarmigon is a popular christmas dinner.
Nest: a hole inbetween two grass bumps
Eggs: 8-16
Homelands -Countrys around the arctic zone like Greenland, Svalbard and Iceland. And sometimes in mountains in the south.
The Ptarmigan is often seen wandering around Hofsós and often follows students and we don‘t want it to go, we‘d miss it.
Size: Lenght: 34-36 cm
Weight: 386-652 g
Length of wings: 54-60 cm
Latin Name: Lagopus Mutus



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The House Sparrow
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LATIN: Passer domesticus
FINNISH: Varpunen
ICELANDIC: Gráspör
LATVIAN: Mājas zvirbulis
LITHUANIAN: Naminis zvirblis
NORWEGIAN: Gråspurv
House sparrow is mass (14-15cm). Dark brown back and abdomen feathers are gray. Attractions in town include live like. Sparrow is a very sociable bird. Latvian territory troughout the year. Feed on plants and insects destroyed by insects. Female lay 5-6 eggs. Babies born in 12 days.
More about house sparrow:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/House_Sparrow
Song of this bird:
http://www.ornitofaunistika.com/lvp/balsis/pasdom_2003-06-00_rudbarzi_i.folkmanis.mp3




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The Great Spotted Woodpecker

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LATIN: Drendocopos major
FINNISH: Käpytikka
ICELANDIC: Barrspæta
LATVIAN: Dižraibais dzenis
LITHUANIAN: Didysis margasis genys
NORWEGIAN: Flaggspett
The Great Spotted Woodpecker (Dendrocopos major) is 23–26 centimetres long, with a 38–44 centimetres wingspan. It is glossy black, with white on the sides of the face and neck. A black line zigzags from the shoulder halfway across the breast, then back to the nape; a black stripe, extending from the bill, runs below the eye to meet this latter part of the zigzag line. On the shoulder is a large white patch and the flight feathers are barred with black and white. The three outer tail feathers are barred; these show when the short stiff tail is outspread, acting as a support in climbing. The underparts are dull white. The legs are greenish grey.
It is an inhabitant of woodlands and parks, depending for food and nesting. Its actions are jerky, and it hops, leaping forward with one foot just in advance of the other. When a space is crossed they fly.
They eat insects, seeds, fruit, scraps, eggs, chicks and small rodents. The woodpecker usually alights on the trunk, working upwards, from side to side.
The nesting hole, neat and round, is bored in soft or decaying wood horizontally for a few inches, then perpendicularly down.


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The Great Tit
Kjøttmeis.jpgLATIN: Parus Major
FINNISH: Talitainen
ICELANDIC: Flotmeisa
LATVIAN: Lielā zīlīte
LITHUANIAN: Didžioji zylė
NORWEGIAN: Kjøttmeis



The Great Tit (Parus major) is a bird which lives all over Norway.
The length is about 15 cm and the weight is from 14 to 20 grams of bird is the largest in the tit family.

The great tit has a black head with white cheeks and a black stripe along the yellow underside. The back is greenish, while the tail and wings are bluish. Young birds often have slightly duller colors than the older birds.

It is a social bird that usually stays with the other birds. In winter it is often looking for food with the blue tit, but also other forest birds.

The bird nest from April to July, and the great tit lay 6-12 eggs. The incubation time is 12-14 days. The chicks leave the nest after 15 to 20 days. Frequently used nesting sites are old hollow trees, but they often nest in bird boxes. Great Tit pairs are very faithful.

Great tit eats insects, seeds and berries. Insects are the main food in the breeding season, while in winter the seeds of various kinds are preferred. Tit is seldom still in
search of food, as it does not collect food for the winter. The great tit is a frequent visitor in our gardes looking for food we give it, such as sunflower seed and sebaceous.




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