Back to "Wild life" front pageBack to front page


Finland.JPG
The perch
Finsk_fisk.JPG


LATIN: Perca Fluviatilis
FINNISH: Ahven
ICELANDIC: Karfi
LATVIAN: Asaris
LITHUANIAN: Ešerys
NORWEGIAN: Abbor


The perch eats zooplankton and when it grows up it starts eating small fish and other small bottom animals. We can find in the stomachs of perches fish, crabs, shellfish and small stones which it can swallows when it looks for food. It has got a red and orange pelvic fin and a caudal fin with a black spot.
Reproduction
The male perch becomes mature at the age of 3-5 and the female perch at the age of 5-6. The perch spawns from April to June, when water temperature is above six degrees, in water where there is protective vegetation.
The perch multiplies a lot. A female that weighs ½ kilograms can lay 66 000 eggs that the male fertilize.The baby fish soon start eating zooplankton.
In Finland, the perch lives in lakes, rivers and seas. It likes shallow water hear the shore and does not like deep water except in winter.
The perch likes acid water, like the pike, but if ph falls close to four, reproduction is no longer possible

The perch moves and looks for food in swarms by day. At night it rests on the bottom under plants. The perch is not endangered. A perch which weighs about 10g can live more than 20 years.
Perch are sought after by fishermen both for sport and for food. They can be caught with a sort of methods, but the two best methods are perhaps float fishing and lure fishing. The best way is to use a small hook and cast into the weeds just before the drop off. When fishing with a float, the angler will want to have a disgorger: Perch are notorious for swallowing the hook, and will need the aid of a disgorger of torcleps for unhooking. In many parts of the world they are also a favorite species among ice fishermen. they will take a variety of baists, including minnows, worms, maggots, bread, pieces of raw bacon, and soft shell crayfish.


Iceland.JPG
The Icelandic artic charr
bleikja.jpg
LATIN: Salvelinus alpinus
FINNISH: taimen
ICELANDIC: Bleikja
LATVIAN: xxx
LITHUANIAN: xxx
NORWEGIAN: Arktisk røye


Latvia.JPG
The Pike
external image lidaka.jpg
LATIN: Esox lucius
FINNISH:Hauki
ICELANDIC:Gedda
LATVIAN: Līdaka
LITHUANIAN: Lydeka
NORWEGIAN: Gjedde
external image 39732_fa53047212.jpgNp20001.jpgexternal image ldaka.JPG
Pike lives in deepest water sites. Pike eats smaller fish such as perch, roach and bream. Pike lives in groups.The average life of the pike is 15-25 years, reaching 1.8m in length and 60kg weight.
More info:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Esox_lucius




Lithuania.JPG
The Tench
IMG_0002.jpg
lynas.jpg
LATIN: Tinca tinca
FINNISH: Suutari
ICELANDIC: Grunnungur
LATVIAN: Linis
LITHUANIAN: Lynas
NORWEGIAN: Suter (Karpe)

The tench or doctor fish (Tinca tinca) is a freshwater and brackish water fish. It normally inhabits slow-moving freshwater habitats, particularly lakes and lowland rivers.
The tench is most often found in still waters with a clay or muddy substrate and abundant vegetation. This species is rare in clear waters across stony ground. It tolerates water with a low oxygen concentration.

Tench feed mostly at night with a preference for animals, like chironomids on the bottom of eutrophic watersand snails and pea clamps in well vegetated waters.

Tench have a stocky, carp-like shape, olive-green skin, darker above and almost golden below. The caudal fin is square in shape. The other fins are distinctly rounded in shape. The mouth is rather narrow. Maximum size is 70 cm. The eyes are small and red-orange in colour. The tench has very small scales, which are deeply imbedded in a thick skin, making it slippery. Fish over 1 kg in weight are very strong fighters when caught on a rod.


Norway.JPG
The Sea Trout
220px-Salmo_trutta.jpg


LATIN: Perca Fluviatilis
FINNISH:Taimen
ICELANDIC:Silungur
LATVIAN: Forele
LITHUANIAN: Upėtakis
NORWEGIAN: Sjøørret


The sea trout (Salmo trutta trutta) and the brown trout (Salmo trutta) are fish of the same species.The brown trout is normally considered to be native to Europe and Asia. The brown trout is a medium-sized fish, growing to 20 kg or more, but in many smaller rivers a mature weight of 1 kg or is common.

Brown trout can live to ages of 20 years. While in fresh water they eat other fish, frogs, mice, birds, and insects flying near the water's surface. This is why the trout is a favoured target for fly fishing. Sea trout are especially fished for at night using wet flies.


Back to "Wild life" front pageBack to front page